|Spitz R, Betts DR, Simon T, Boensch M, Oestreich J, Niggli FK, Ernestus K, Berthold F, Hero B||Favorable outcome of triploid neuroblastomas: a contribution to the special oncogenesis of neuroblastoma. [+]||Cancer genetics and cytogenetics 2006, 167: 51|
|There is a well-known association between patient outcome and tumor ploidy in neuroblastoma. To date, however, most clinical trials have not used this parameter for therapy stratification. Using conventional cytogenetics and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), we investigated 36 tumors in terms of ploidy and chromosome 1 copy number (polysomy). In addition, interphase FISH for polysomy was performed on a second cohort of 440 neuroblastomas, together with the status of 1p, MYCN, and 11q. The main goals were as follows: (1) to assess the reliability of FISH to determine ploidy; (2) to illustrate associations between somy 1 and clinical/biologic factors; and (3) to investigate the role of somy 1 for predicting outcome. The comparison between karyotyping and FISH in the smaller cohort revealed 86% consistency between ploidy and polysomy (31/36). According to FISH, trisomic tumors in the second cohort showed structural chromosomal aberrations less frequently compared to di-/tetrasomic tumors (15 vs. 60%, P < 0.001). The portion of trisomic neuroblastomas was higher in stages 1, 2, and 4S versus stages 3 and 4 (55 vs. 24%, P < 0.001) and in children 18 months or younger versus those older than 18 months (55 vs. 19%, P < 0.001). Prognosis was significantly better for trisomic tumors versus di-/tetrasomic in the whole cohort [event-free (EFS) and overall survival (OS), P < 0.001]. In the subgroup without abnormalities of other molecular markers, EFS of trisomic neuroblastomas was better (P = 0.048), but was most likely due to an unequal stage distribution. In further subgroups, in terms of age and stage, significance between the somy groups was not reached, neither for EFS nor OS. The multivariate analyses including age, stage, chromosomal markers, and somy 1 confirmed the lack of independent prognostic power for the copy number of chromosome 1. This study demonstrates the following: (1) FISH is a practical alternative to other more labor-intensive techniques for determining ploidy; (2) trisomic tumors correlate with younger age at diagnosis, localized stage, and the lack of structural alterations; and (3) polysomy is not an independent prognostic marker. The sharp decline of trisomic tumors after the age of 18 months supports the idea of different genetic tumor entities.|
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